The Vineyard Energy Project is working to provide smart grid capabilities to the new cooperative. Smart grid technology (essentially improved communication between the energy source and the energy user) will provide benefits from greater efficiency to smoother integration of electric vehicles.
In the short term, the smart grid technology will allow Vineyard Power to shift electric load from the times when electricity is most expensive and most in demand to times of lesser demand. This will result in lower costs and less pollution.
Above is an example of how a Smart Grid works. All of your appliances in your home connect to your Home Energy Gateway. In turn, your Home Energy Gateway connects to the Internet via a router and uploads all of your energy usage statistics to the Internet. It is then possible to use a computer to view all of your usage statistics online.